Charity, such as volunteerism and philanthropy, gives room for actual social bonding and contribution to the establishment of more resilient and inclusive societies. Charity ensures alleviation of even the worst effects of humanitarian crises, supplement public services in health care, housing, education and child protection. It helps in advancing culture, sports, science and protection of natural and cultural heritages. It also aids promotion of the rights of the underprivileged and marginalized, spreading humanitarian message in conflict situations.
Under the adoption of the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development in September 2015, the United Nations sees that eradication of poverty in every form and dimension, even extreme poverty, is a significant requirement for sustainable development and the greatest challenge the globe faces. This Agenda requires strengthened global solidarity, with a specific focus on the needs of the most vulnerable and poorest. The roles of the diverse private sector, civil society organizations, and philanthropic organizations were also recognized in implementing the new Agenda.
Sept 5 was chosen to celebrate Mother Teresa passing away anniversary.
Establishment of the International Day of Charity had the aim to ensure sensitization and mobilization of people, stakeholders, and NGOs around the world to render help to others through volunteerism and philanthropy. September 5 was chosen to commemorate the day in order to celebrate the anniversary of the passing away of Mother Theresa of Calcutta, who was honoured in 1979 with the Nobel Peace Prize “for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitute a threat to peace”.
Mother Teresa was a renowned missionary and nun, born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910. She went to India in 1928, devoting herself to rendering help to the destitute. She became an Indian citizen in 1948 and established the order of Missionaries of Charity in Kolkota (Calcutta) in 1950. This establishment became well known for its work for the poor and the dying in Calcutta. The work of Mother Teresa had received worldwide recognition and acclamation, as apart from the Nobel Peace Prize, she has received many awards and distinctions. She died on September 5th 1997.
United Nations GA designated Sept 5 in resolution A/RES/67/105.
To recognize the role of charity in the alleviation of human hardship and humanitarian crises within and among nations, and the efforts of individuals and charitable organizations, including the work of Mother Teresa before she passed away, the General Assembly of the United Nations designated September 5 as the International Day of Charity, in its resolution A/RES/67/105. This day celebrates the works of Mother Teresa for her 45 years of ministering to the sick, poor, orphaned and dying.
Also, the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development has, embedded in it, 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) which can be further divided into five crucial areas, namely: people, prosperity, partnership, planet, and peace. These five areas are efficient, with the potential to ensure transformation of the lives of people and the planet through provision of the framework required for charitable or philanthropic institutions to make sure everyone makes a contribution to the betterment of the world.
Its first commemoration was held at the UN Headquarters in New York.
Declared by the United Nations General Assembly in 2012, the international day has the primary objective of raising awareness and providing a common platform for activities that concern charity around the world for individuals, philanthropic, charitable and volunteer organizations. The first commemoration was held at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, on September 5, 2013, by the Permanent Mission of Hungary to the United Nations, in collaboration with the United Nations Foundation, the United Nations Development Programme, and with support from the United Nations Department of Information.
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