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Poverty: Life Challenging Issue in Nigeria

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By Abiodun Okunloye

Nigeria is a country that has immense resources yet is still struggling.

The level of poverty in Nigeria is an issue that has to be addressed. It penetrates people’s lives and communities, keeping many people trapped in a never-ending cycle of impoverished conditions. Its dismal influence is felt by many, depriving millions of people and communities of hope for a brighter future. A dramatic case in point, Nigeria is a country that has immense resources yet is still struggling with its complications. Inspiring collective action and creating a society in which every Nigerian may prosper requires first understanding the real nature of the lack in Nigeria.

It’s more than just a lack of finances that makes people poor. It goes far beyond a simple lack of funds and extends across many different variables. While encompassing a wide range of gaps beyond the World Bank’s global poverty level of $1.90 per day, such as inadequate education, medical care, water, accommodation, and employment possibilities. Extreme lack in the country is reflected in the country’s congested neighbourhoods, crumbling infrastructure, high illiteracy rates, pervasive malnutrition, and limited access to healthcare. Realising the scope of the difficulties encountered by the poor requires an understanding of these factors.

133 million individuals fall into the multidimensional poverty line.

According to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) survey 2022, many people in Nigeria live in multidimensional poverty. 63%, or 133 million individuals, fall into this group. Its distribution shows that 65 percent, which is about 86 million people, live in the North and 35 percent, which is 47 million, in the South. The rate varies significantly from state to state, being 27% in Ondo and 91% in Sokoto, respectively. The report also shows that living circumstances in Nigeria are terrible. Due to their multifaceted poverty, more than half of the population uses unclean energy sources like dung, wood, or charcoal for cooking. In addition, they have serious problems with access to medical treatment, food, and shelter.

More so, it must be addressed in the same multifaceted manner as it could consume the nation. Its alleviation requires successful policy improvements. Also, it must be the government’s priority, and initiatives must target corruption, resource inequality, and lack of inclusive governance. Social safety nets, focused activities, and clear policies will help alleviate the country. The Household Uplifting Programme of the National Cash Transfer Office (NCTO) stated that it offers targeted cash transfers, training, mentoring and coaching, and livelihood assistance for poor and vulnerable residents. However, only some people within its authorities understand where it gets its operational database of those it rendered assistance.

Education is an effective means of ending the poverty cycle.

Furthermore, education is an effective means of ending its cycle. All Nigerians should have access to high-quality education, especially those in underserved areas. Offering programmes for skill development and vocational training that are in line with market expectations can improve employability and equip people to seize greater financial opportunities. Investments in education are wise. Governments may unleash the transformative power of education by investing enough resources, creating high-quality educational systems, and giving educational reform first priority. Economic growth, decreasing people suffering, social cohesion, increased health, and sustainable development are all benefits of this investment.

Additionally, improving infrastructure in marginalised communities is essential for reducing poverty. This entails enhancing the availability of clean water, electricity, and medical services, as well as road networks. Infrastructure improvements in both urban and rural areas will enable inclusive development by fostering economic growth, job creation, and improved living circumstances. Likewise, everyone emphasises Nigeria’s enormous population while ignoring its enormous landmass. Nigeria’s enormous agricultural potential can indeed be used to help communities escape their present conditions. The agricultural sector may be strengthened to increase productivity and provide rural inhabitants with stable livelihoods through greater access to credit, modern farming practices, and market connections.

Women’s empowerment will lessen the situation.

Lastly, the empowerment of women is a crucial factor in the fight against poverty. Barriers can be reduced, and a more fair society can be created through initiatives which encourage gender equality and increase women’s access to education, healthcare, financial services, and other economic possibilities. The fight against this problem relies heavily on the contributions of women. The strength of a nation can be bolstered by the strength of its women. The new government needs to realise how important it is to evaluate the condition of people with low incomes and consider the many factors that contribute to it.

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