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Multidimensional Child Poverty in Nigeria

Multidimensional Child Poverty in Nigeria
Photo by Muhammadtaha Ibrahim Ma'aji- Ask Nigeria

The smaller the household, the lower the risk of multidimensional poverty.

Multidimensional poverty encompasses the many deprivations faced by poor people in their daily lives. These deprivations include lack of quality education, poor health, the threat of violence, poor living standards, disempowerment, living in environmentally hazardous areas, and many more. The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), published by the UNDP’s Human Development Report Office, tracks deprivation across three dimensions (health, education and living standards) and 10 indicators. If a child is deprived in these three dimensions, such child is considered as multi-dimensionally poor.

It has been discovered that households with a higher number of members and children are at great risk of showing higher multidimensional deprivation rates compared to households with smaller members. Also, Multidimensional poverty is likely to affect children living with non-educated household heads in comparison with children who live with household heads who attained secondary or higher education levels. Stunted and underweight children aged 0-4 years, also presented higher multidimensional deprivation rates than children who are not stunted and underweight.

Reports confirm multidimensional child poverty.

More than 54 percent of children in Nigeria are multi-dimensionally poor; 47.4 percent of children are faced with monetary poverty; while 24.6 percent of children are challenged with extreme poverty in the country. This development was confirmed by three different reports — The Situation Analysis of Children in Nigeria, Multidimensional Child Poverty Analysis in Nigeria, and Monetary Child Poverty in Nigeria. They were prepared by the Ministry of Budget and National Planning in collaboration with UNICEF and launched by the Vice President of Nigeria, Prof Yemi Osinbajo.

The Multidimensional Child Poverty Analysis reveals that approximately 54 percent multi-dimensionally poor Nigerian children are faced by at least three deprivations across seven dimensions of child rights as defined by the United Nations. They include, right to education, good nutrition, good healthcare, adequate housing, sanitation, water and information devices. UNICEF also stated that the new report recorded 65.7 percent of rural children in Nigeria as multi-dimensionally poor, in comparison with 28.4 percent of urban children. At the regional level, children multidimensional poverty rates is presented to be higher in Sokoto (81.5 percent), Kebbi, and Zamfara states, as opposed to children living in Edo and Lagos (14.5 percent).

The analysis presents the percent of multi-dimensionally poor children.

A deprivation rate of 33 percent among children aged 0-4 years old is presented by the nutrition dimension, while 45.4 percent of children aged 5-11 years and 61.7 percent aged 12-17 years experience deprivation in the educational dimension. Likewise, deprivation in water dimension ranged from 37.6-40.6 percent across all age groups. The analysis presents sanitation as a dimension with one of the highest deprivations rates, with three out of four children aged 12-17 years experiencing deprivation. The information dimension measures children’s accessibility to information devices like radio, television, and mobile phone. In this category, the deprivation rates ranged from 10.8-12.8 percent across all age groups. As indicated by the disaggregation of multidimensional poverty rates by age group, 60 percent of children aged 0-4 years, 50 percent of children aged 5-11 years and 52.6 percent children aged 12-17 years are considered to be multi-dimensionally poor.

According to the monetary poverty report, 47.4 percent of children experience monetary poverty by living in households with a spending budget of less than N376.5 a day; which is the national poverty line. The Situation Analysis shows that the child poverty rate is prevalent among children aged 16-17 years and minimal among children aged 0-5 years. It also reveals that the vulnerability of children makes them easily affected by poverty, and this could have a long-term impact on their well-being, even into adulthood.

Nigeria requires N1 trillion for the alleviation of children poverty.

The analysis of the reports indicates the need for an improvement in social protection measures towards ensuring the protection of children from risks, alongside an expansion of access to social services. Based on either the monetary or non-monetary aspect, the data has proven that children are more likely to live in poverty than other groups. Therefore, special attention should be paid to planning and programming for children, in accordance with the policy recommendations and calls to action embedded in the reports. Peter Hawkins, UNICEF Representative in Nigeria, affirmed that the data provided gives a clear direction towards the realization of children’s rights in Nigeria. For adequate results, the reports stated, Nigeria requires approximately N1 trillion to alleviate children from poverty.


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Ask Nigeria
25 days ago

Multidimensional Child Poverty in NigeriaThe smaller the household, the lower the risk of multidimensional poverty.Express your point of view.

Khalifa001
Member
21 days ago

Poverty is a huge problem in Nigeria with a lot of kids involved in it parents with little money but plenty kids no family planning it affect kids and most kids are ends up in the pits and road

Ultra0711
Member
24 days ago

Multidimensional poverty is what is prevalent in Nigeria presently among the poor masses….makoko as a car study poor infastructure,bad environment,ni good health care facilities,no good achhokd for the children and so many other communities like that scattered all over the country

Dimeji0711
Member
24 days ago

Nigeria home a high percentage of both adult and children suffering from poverty but the children so far the most because they are deprived from education which affect there brought up if these 1 billion Naira can be raise up it will help alot

Adeolastan
Member
24 days ago

The major cause of poverty in Nigeria is bureaucracy and politicians,they collude to make the masses poor so that they can control them when the need arise e g during election….Nigeria is blessed with both mineral and human resources even more than many developed countries in the world.If the people in the government can do away with the way the mismanage the resources, definitely will reduce even eradicate.

Tonerol10
Member
24 days ago

poverty has affected alot of children in Nigeria

Hassan Isa
Member
24 days ago

It’s children that suffers the most from poverty because they won’t be able to fend for themselves and their body system is not yet strong enough to handle hardship

Nwachukwu Kingsley
Member
24 days ago

A trillion dollars isn’t nearly enough for these criminals to ease child poverty; they’ve stolen far more in the past. It’s for the betterment of society and the betterment of the country.

Kazeem1
Member
24 days ago

This data demonstrates how concerning this is. Poverty, regrettably, can be passed down down the generations. And these children have a proclivity to become a threat to society.

Remi1
Member
25 days ago

Nigerian government should adopt the Chinese method of controlling child birth to avoid overpopulation because where there is too much people for little money there’ll surely be issues

Taiwoo
Member
25 days ago

Hmm where are we going to see this 1 trillion now? May God help us in this country because debts everywhere yet we are not seeing the result of the money

Tolaniiii
Member
25 days ago

One thing that boosts the rate of poverty in this country is overpopulation, the poor people still keeps giving birth to children that they cannot cater for

Yomii
Member
25 days ago

Poverty is one of the driving force of the high mortality rate in this country, the government should take huge steps in trying to curb it

Godsewill Ifeanyi
Member
25 days ago

There are so many slums in Nigeria as a result of the high rate of poverty and in the slums people both you g and old are struggling to eat daily

Chibuzor
Member
25 days ago

Poverty can affect the mental and physical well-being of a child which is very bad, I hope the government acts on this

Okunloye123
Member
25 days ago

One of the factors that give rise to this is the high illiteracy level.

Despite a lot of enlightenment and initiatives around, some still are still giving birth to children they can’t afford to raise. Imagine someone giving birth to 12 children without any tangible source of income.

The statistic is a thing of concern, and there are chances that the number will increase.

To halt this, a law should be passed on giving birth without taking care of them.

Bola12
Member
25 days ago

Poverty has really plagued our land and causes so many deficiencies to plenty children so I hope the government goes through with this

Adesanyaj72
Member
25 days ago

It is indeed a massive concern that our government must fix since the future of all children and youth is important. Too much political corruption in our country that one greedy person can keep the money

theApr
Member
25 days ago

This statistics shows how alarming this is. Unfortunately, poverty can be hereditary. And these kids tend to become menace in the society.
1 trillion is not to much for these guys to provide to alleviate child poverty; they’ve been stealing lot more from time past. It’s for the improvement of the society and making the country a better place.

SarahDiv
Member
25 days ago

1 trillion naira to alleviate poor Nigerian from poverty is really huge amidst insecurity and inflation.
With this set of greedy politicians, it will be a bit difficult to reduce poverty in Nigeria. It is only God that can deliver us.

Iyanu12345ogg
Member
25 days ago

Deprivations across the country has really shown how children rights are challenged, right which includes, right to education, good nutrition, good healthcare, adequate housing, sanitation, water and information devices. All these need be given serious checks and treat as expect Corruption as dealt with the country in this aspect too…..we know. I pray and hope the government see reasons why they need to make provision for funds stated above
These young ones are the leaders of tomorrow!

Last edited 25 days ago by Iyanu12345ogg
jdpumping
Member
25 days ago

Multidimensional poverty is what is prevalent in Nigeria presently among the poor masses….makoko as a car study poor infastructure,bad environment,ni good health care facilities,no good achhokd for the children and so many other communities like that scattered all over the country…Food an essential thing for sustainable most families find it hard to feed..Our government needs to buckle up

Haykaylyon26
Member
25 days ago

This is a serious issue that our government need to solve because the future of this young ones are important and they say we young one are the leaders of tomorrow and if our present now is not developed well how will be the future be bright. The country need 1trillion to alleviation of the children poverty I hope if it is approved someone won’t just keep the money with himself, there are too much corruption in our country. If the alleviation can be done it will help the poverty ones and future the young ones future

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