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FG says Nigeria fulfilled TB control mandate

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By Abraham Adekunle

Public health director says 60% of TB target were achieved in 2022.

Director of Public Health at the Federal Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Dr. Chukwuma Anyaike, has announced that Nigeria has successfully fulfilled the UN Tuberculosis (TB) control mandate established in 2018. This disclosure was made during the Pre-United Nations High-Level Meeting (UNHLM) on TB National Stakeholders’ Consultation held in Abuja on September 7, 2023. As a result of the 2018 UNHLM, Nigeria adopted the Political Declaration on the Fight against the disease in September 2018.

Dr. Anyaike, who was represented by Dr. Urhioke Ochuko, Deputy Director overseeing the Childhood Tuberculosis Unit, revealed that Nigeria had committed to implementing this declaration to attain the specified goals. He disclosed that Nigeria had increased the identification and treatment of cases. “We have detected more than 285,000 cases, achieving 60 percent of the target in 2022,” he said. He added that the country has taken significant steps to reinforce its healthcare infrastructure, including training healthcare professionals and establishing additional treatment centers.

Milestones attained and challenges faced in the fight against it in Nigeria.

Despite being among the top ten countries with the highest TB burden globally, Nigeria has made commendable progress in addressing this public health challenge. According to the director of public health, while the country has increased the detection and treatment of cases, trained more healthcare workers, and established more treatment centers, preventive treatment for Nigerians has notably improved since 2018. The Federal Government has also demonstrated increased political commitment to control the disease by allocating additional funding in collaboration with partners.

Commenting on the challenges to overcome in trying to control the disease in Nigeria, Dr. Anyiake mentioned insufficient funding, low detection of child cases, and limited enrollment of diagnosed DR TB patients in treatment programs. He urged participants at the event to explore the possibility of increased investment in the treatment of the disease and innovative financing strategies to align with various interventions in progress. As well, a participant, Mr. Mayowa Joel, the Executive Secretary of the Stop TB Partnership, emphasized the significance of the 2023 UNHLM special session, which offers an opportunity to comprehensively review the political declaration.

There has been an increase in survival rate in the country.

Even though TB is the second-leading infectious disease all over the world, experts at the World Health Organization (WHO) expect that by 2025, there will be a 50 percent reduction in the number of incidence rates globally with 2015 as the base year. Its report in 2022 showed a ten-percent reduction in incidence rates from 2015 to 2021. Death-to-TB recorded a 5.9-percent reduction rate within the same period. However, Nigeria statistics show improvement in some areas against increasing situations in other countries. Ranked sixth nation with the highest number of cases globally, Nigeria contributed 4.4 percent to the total cases worldwide.

Nigeria experienced an increased incidence of the disease from 2000 to 2021, increasing from 269,000 to 467,000. The number of these incidents kept increasing steadily over years. Fortunately, there has been an increase in its survival rate in Nigeria over the last six years. According to WHO data, even though there has been a corresponding increase in the incidences and deaths of the disease, with a decline in deaths from 2019 to 2021, more victims have survived the disease in Nigeria. In 2015, 39.96 percent are those infected with it. The country recorded 403,000 incidences and 157,000 deaths.

Survival rate of the ailment increases by 67% in 21 years.

The proportion declined steadily from that point up to 2021 when 467,000 cases and 125,000 deaths were reported. The result is a death-to-infection rate of 26.77 percent. So, the survival rate has increased from 9 of 20 infected cases in 2000 to 15 of 20 in 2021. This represents a 67-percent decline over the period. Nigeria effort to eradicate TB has been rigorous across the country. In the South West, daily routine activities are deployed to combat the disease. The medical director/program manager of Global Funds for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (GFATM), Dr. Dairo Diola, affirmed this.

Related Links

World Health Organization: Website   UHC2030: Website

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2 months ago

FG says Nigeria fulfilled TB control mandate.Public health director says 60% of TB target were achieved in 2022. – Express your point of view.

2 months ago

Nigeria has been making efforts to eradicate TB across the country. In the South West part of the country, daily routines are deployed to combat the disease. The country is taken significant steps to reinforce its status on healthcare infrastructure, including training healthcare professionals and establishing additional treatment centers which in turn will lead to an overall improvement of the people healthwise.

2 months ago

That’s absolutely amazing news! I’m thrilled to hear that Nigeria has successfully fulfilled its TB control mandate and achieved 60% of the TB target in 2022. This is a significant milestone in the fight against tuberculosis and a testament to the hard work and dedication of the public health sector.
Tuberculosis is a major global health challenge, and Nigeria has been actively working towards reducing its burden. Achieving 60% of the TB target demonstrates the effectiveness of the strategies and interventions implemented to prevent, diagnose, and treat TB cases.
Efforts to control TB involve a comprehensive approach that includes early detection, proper diagnosis, effective treatment, and robust surveillance systems. It’s crucial to continue investing in strengthening healthcare infrastructure, training healthcare professionals, and raising awareness among communities to ensure early identification and timely treatment of TB cases.
Collaboration between the government, healthcare institutions, non-governmental organizations, and international partners is vital for sustaining the progress made in TB control. Sharing best practices, leveraging resources, and promoting knowledge exchange can further enhance the effectiveness of TB control programs.
While the achievement of 60% of the TB target is commendable, it is important to continue striving for even greater success. By expanding access to quality healthcare services, promoting research and innovation, and strengthening health systems, we can work towards the ultimate goal of eliminating TB in Nigeria.
I applaud the efforts of the public health sector and all those involved in TB control initiatives. Let’s continue to work together to build a healthier Nigeria, free from the burden of tuberculosis.

2 months ago

In the nation, tuberculosis has been sufficiently managed. It demonstrates how much the government has contributed to making sure the sickness can be controlled. I applaud the administration for its ability to ensure that the sickness is under control.FG claims that Nigeria met its TB control obligation. – The director of public health reports that in 2022, 60% of the TB target was met.

2 months ago

Nigeria has been attempting to eradicate TB nationwide. The country has made great strides to enhance its healthcare system, including recruiting more physicians and nurses and constructing new hospitals. We should invest in the health sector to abolish TB