Ask Nigeria Header Logo

Economic aspect around criminality in Nigeria

Photo of author

By Abraham Adekunle

Exploring the link between Nigeria's economic challenges and rising criminality.

The persistent crisis plaguing Nigeria, stemming from prolonged terrorism dating back to the emergence of groups like Boko Haram in 2009, have undoubtedly metastasized across the nation. Particularly alarming is the evolution of terrorism into banditry, including the alarming trend of kidnapping for ransom. What’s deeply concerning is the apparent inability of the government and security forces to effectively combat this growing menace. It appears that the audacity of criminal elements is outpacing the capacity of law enforcement agencies to contain them.

Countless lives have been lost due to families’ inability to meet the exorbitant ransom demands imposed by these heartless criminals, who now operate with impunity nationwide. While factors like weak security apparatus, proliferation of arms, and socioeconomic challenges such as poverty and unemployment contribute to the persistence of banditry, it’s disheartening to note the complicity of certain communities in aiding and abetting these crimes for financial gain. Reports suggest that residents in these areas act as intermediaries between kidnappers and victims, facilitating ransom negotiations in exchange for substantial sums of money.

Criminal-community connection worsens crisis; security likely complicit.

This troubling collaboration between criminal elements and local communities exacerbates an already dire situation, rendering resolution increasingly elusive. The financial incentives derived from criminal activities create a cycle of dependence and complicity that further entrenches criminal networks within these communities. Moreover, allegations implicating security officials in these crimes not only undermine public trust but also pose a significant threat to national security. The case of notorious bandit and kidnapper ‘Wadume‘ underscores the gravity of this issue, where security personnel colluded with criminals to perpetrate heinous acts.

Despite efforts by the government, such as the establishment of anti-kidnapping squads, the scourge of kidnapping persists due to systemic failures and lack of accountability within law enforcement agencies. Weak sanctioning mechanisms and a culture of impunity embolden criminals to operate with impunity, perpetuating a cycle of violence and lawlessness. Consequently, Nigeria is grappling with one of the highest rates of kidnap-for-ransom cases globally, posing a severe threat to national stability and security. The helplessness felt by many citizens is palpable. Lives are tragically lost, families crippled by ransom demands, and the shadow of fear extends far and wide.

Multi-faceted approach needed to tackle Nigeria’s crime surge.

Addressing the root causes of banditry and terrorism in Nigeria requires a multifaceted approach that encompasses socioeconomic development, education, and enhanced law enforcement strategies. The prevalence of poverty, lack of educational opportunities, and inadequate infrastructure exacerbate vulnerabilities to criminal exploitation. Additionally, the harsh economic conditions facing many Nigerians, characterized by rising poverty and hunger, create fertile ground for criminal activities to thrive. When basic needs seem unattainable through legitimate means, even criminal avenues can become enticing, blurring the lines between desperation and complicity.

To effectively combat rising criminality, urgent measures are needed to revamp Nigeria’s anti-kidnapping strategies, with a focus on bolstering law enforcement capabilities, enhancing accountability, and strengthening deterrence mechanisms. Moreover, addressing socioeconomic disparities and investing in education and infrastructure are essential to tackling the root causes of criminality and fostering long-term stability. Only through concerted efforts to address economic challenges and improve governance can Nigeria create an environment conducive to security, prosperity, and sustainable development. Combating Nigeria’s complex criminality requires collective action. The government must lead the charge, investing in its people and strengthening institutions. Businesses must contribute to sustainable development and fair labor practices. And communities must be empowered to resist the lure of crime and find pathways to a better life.

Related Article: Zulum warns Boko Haram crisis could end Nigeria

In all, the scourge of rising criminality in Nigeria is intricately linked to the country’s economic challenges. The inability to address underlying socioeconomic disparities and governance issues has fuelled criminal exploitation and perpetuated a cycle of violence and lawlessness. Urgent action is needed to address these root causes and implement comprehensive strategies to combat criminality effectively. By prioritizing socioeconomic development, enhancing law enforcement capabilities, and fostering accountability, Nigeria can overcome the dark economy surrounding criminality and pave the way for a more secure and prosperous future.

Related Link

Wikipedia: Website

The content on is given for general information only and does not constitute a professional opinion, and users should seek their own legal/professional advice. There is data available online that lists details, facts and further information not listed in this post, please complete your own investigation into these matters and reach your own conclusion. accepts no responsibility for losses from any person acting or refraining from acting as a result of content contained in this website and/or other websites which may be linked to this website.

Fact Checking Tool -