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Rising prices affecting Nigeria supply chain

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By Abdulwasiu Usman

Continuous surges in the costs of raw materials affect supply chain.

As the Nigeria economic downturn persists, the Naira’s value against the dollar keeps plummeting, burdening the people with increased hardships. Inflation within the country has surged to a record-breaking level, reaching its highest point in 27 years. The headline inflation rate for December 2023 has risen by 0.72 percent to an alarming 28.92 percent compared to 28.20 percent in November. The inflation rate has now increased consecutively for the twelfth time, presenting a predicament as difficult as the one faced in the middle of 1996.

Rapidly rising food prices have exacerbated the crisis of living expenses, impacting consumers and businesses alike. The mounting pressure on the central bank to escalate interest rates, underscores the immediate need to confront these economic difficulties. Also, the continuous surge in the costs of goods and services presents a substantial hurdle for the intricate supply chain. With the continuous surge in raw material costs, businesses are struggling to deal with the increasing expenses associated with their operations and production, affecting their financial performance.

Complexities of supply chains are further aggravated by inflation.

Businesses face the intricate task of managing their inventory to avoid shortages while simultaneously tackling surplus challenges. Moreover, inflation has a ripple effect on contractual agreements, forcing companies to renegotiate terms with suppliers and partners, which in turn has a significant impact on long-term business relationships. The complexities of supply chains are further aggravated by inflation’s influence on international trade, the contribution to currency fluctuations, and the hurdles it poses for cross-border supply chain operations. Insufficient capacity and unstable fuel prices significantly impact Nigeria’s supply chain expenses, particularly in road transport, which plays a vital role in the movement of goods and bears a considerable portion of transportation costs.

Increasing transportation expenses frequently get transferred to the final customer, impacting the patterns of demand. Furthermore, the intricacies of supply chain become more intricate due to inflation impacting global trade, leading to currency fluctuations, and posing difficulties for cross-border logistical operations. Furthermore, Nigeria’s heavy reliance on imported raw materials and machinery further intensifies the escalation in prices. When global prices of raw materials increase, Nigerian businesses face the adverse effects of skyrocketing operational costs due to their vulnerability to global supply chain disruptions and currency fluctuations.

Transportation infrastructure poses logistical challenges.

To address these difficulties, companies might opt to cut down on manufacturing or explore more affordable options, which would affect the quality of their products and ultimately reduce their business profits. This, in turn, would result in higher living costs for consumers. Nigeria’s transportation infrastructure poses logistical challenges due to insufficient road networks, congested ports, and underdeveloped rail and air freight capabilities. These issues cause delays, inflate operational expenses, and make it challenging to maintain just-in-time inventory systems. It also causes considerable damage when dealing with perishable goods.

Nigeria’s current economic turmoil is marked by continuous price hikes, a depreciating currency in the foreign exchange market, and mounting operational expenses, resulting in a challenging situation for supply chains. The overall economic scenario is further deteriorating due to escalating costs, decreased productivity, and probable setbacks. In order to successfully overcome these obstacles, businesses in Nigeria are urged to implement a comprehensive strategy. Mitigating risks related to disruptions in the supply chain can be achieved by broadening the range of suppliers and transportation modes. Efficient management, enhanced forecasting, and the adoption of technology are crucial for cost reduction and improved efficacy, as well as optimizing inventory through lean or just-in-time strategies.

Related Article: Supply chain vulnerabilities in Nigeria

Prioritizing cost-effectiveness is crucial, and can be achieved by implementing tactics such as contract reevaluation, route optimization, and adoption of advanced technologies. Currently, it is imperative to establish effective collaboration and partnerships between the private and public sectors to actively tackle these challenges. Additionally, prioritizing infrastructure improvement and the formulation of supportive policies is of utmost importance. In order to thrive in a dynamic market, businesses must embrace innovation and flexibility while advocating for sustainable practices and local sourcing. By reducing dependence on unpredictable international markets, this proactive and adaptable strategy plays a crucial role in fortifying Nigeria’s supply chain, contributing to economic stability and fostering growth.


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AN-Toni
Editor
1 month ago

Rising prices affecting Nigeria supply chain.Continuous surges in the costs of raw materials affect supply chains. – Express your point of view.

Taiwo
Member
1 month ago

Nigeria’s supply chain is being impacted by rising prices. Supply chains are impacted by ongoing increases in the price of raw commodities. We truly must look at the reason behind the rising cost of petroleum items. It is always rising. We must thus begin refining our own oil.

Kazeem1
Member
1 month ago

Businesses may find it more difficult to keep up a seamless and reasonably priced supply chain when raw material costs continue to rise. To guarantee that their items are accessible to and affordable for customers, businesses must figure out how to adjust to and overcome these obstacles.

Adeoye Adegoke
Member
1 month ago

I completely understand the concern. Rising prices can definitely have a significant impact on the supply chain in Nigeria. When the costs of raw materials continue to surge, it becomes challenging for businesses to maintain stable prices and ensure smooth operations. This can affect not only the availability of products but also the overall economy. It’s important for the government and businesses to work together to find effective solutions and strategies to mitigate the impact of rising prices on the supply chain. 💼📉🔁