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Pesticides pose a threat to humans & animals

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By Mercy Kelani

European Union rejects Nigerian produce for unacceptable limits of pesticides.

The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) asserted that almost 80 percent of exported agricultural commodities of Nigeria oftentimes face rejection by the European Union (EU) for failure to meet the required standards. The development has caused massive losses for farmers and exporters and led them into debts of millions of naira. It has also abated the image of the country due to the unacceptability of its agricultural commodities in foreign countries.

Rejection of these commodities are tied to many factors but majorly to abuse of pesticides. Experts say there are three types of pesticides namely; herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. These pesticides are used for the purpose of killing various kinds of pests found on the farm and for stimulation of better harvest. Despite the efficiency of these pesticides, it has been deduced that they pose hidden threats to the farmers, consumers, the environment and the animals. Herbicides boost the food supply yield but are also infamous for contributing to pollution and ill health – skin irritation, respiratory problem and cancer.

Banned pesticides killed 250 people in 2020, Benue State.

EU pointed out high pesticides used for preservation of some produce as the major reason for recent commodities rejections. A few years ago, the EU banned beans which were found to contain between 0.03mg kilograms to 4.6mg/kg of dichlorvos (pesticides) beyond acceptable limits. In Benue State, about 250 people died from a mysterious illness in 2020 before there was a later discovery that banned pesticides in a nearby river had poisoned them. A recent report has also proven that about 40 percent of all pesticides currently in use in the country are dangerous and have been banned in European markets.

According to a survey organized by the Small Scale Women Farmers Organization of Nigeria and Alliance for Action on Pesticide in Nigeria shows that about 80 percent of pesticides in use by many women in some parts of the North-central region are very toxic to humans and are under the classification of Highly Hazardous Pesticides which need additional regulations. The survey was conducted with support from Heinrich Boll Foundation and the German green organization and involvement of 107 women farmers in Nasarawa, Abuja, Benue and Plateau states.

Soil fertility can be built through farm wastes, without fertilizers.

The pesticides found during the course of the survey include atrazine, carbofuran, dichlorvos (ddvp), glysulphate, mancozeb, iprobenfos, butachlor, cypermethrin, endosulfan, imidacloprid, paraquat and triazophos. Stakeholders and health experts have described the situation as worrisome as it has increased the danger of consumption of locally grown produce due to its tie with various kinds of diseases. Reports further state that some of the symptoms of pesticide-related diseases include dizziness, nausea, eye problems, catarrh, respiratory problems, difficulty in breathing, headache, vomiting, skin rashes, diarrhea and others.

According to the former National Public Relations Officer of the Association of Organic Agriculture Practitioners of Nigeria (NOAN), Mr. Taiwo Oduola, asserted that the negative impacts of the chemical usage have propelled various cases of terminal diseases. He said that the pesticides that are the cause of rejection of Nigeria’s farm yields were initiated by the same developing countries who reject Nigeria’s produce. The PRO added that farmers are oblivious of the fact that the fertility of the soil can be built through farm wastes as manure without the use of fertilizer.

Reamendment of NAFDAC Act for immediate ban of dangerous pesticides.

Commenting on the development, an Agro exporter, Adeola Dacosta, urged the Federal Government to initiate strategies for regulation on the use of pesticides to produce food. The exporter proposed an amendment of the National Agency for Food Administration and Control (NAFDAC) Act to empower the agency to immediately ban pesticide products proven to be highly hazardous to human lives. A farmer, Mobolaji Alabi, stated the need for extension officers and Agricultural Development Programme to enlighten farmers on the proper use of pesticides.


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Ask Nigeria
Admin
1 year ago

Pesticides pose a threat to humans & animalsEuropean Union rejects Nigerian produce for unacceptable limits of pesticides. – Express your point of view.

Abusi
Abusi
Member
1 year ago

Pesticides are okay but they are also dangerous. It can affect both humans and plants which is why we need to be very careful with it’s usage.

Adeolastan
Adeolastan
Member
1 year ago

NAFDAC should act fast in making sure that these people didn’t kill the citizens faster than expected, imagine this commodity has been consuming in Nigeria for so long without anybody know untill EU countries rejected them?.This is the major why different type of life treating sick is on the rise everyday.

SarahDiv
Member
1 year ago

It is so sad that the agricultural sector we are expected to generate revenue is being questioned by the EU due to excessive use of pesticides and insecticide for crop preservation. Agricultural Agencies s, stakeholders and governmental bodies should swing into action a help in resolving this issued ban by the EU on Nigerian agricultural products.

Hassan Isa
Hassan Isa
Member
1 year ago

Farmers and exporters have suffered enormous losses as a result of this development, and as a result, they are now in debt to the tune of millions of Nigerian naira.

Chibuzor
Chibuzor
Member
1 year ago

Because of this, the reputation of the country has suffered as a result of the widespread rejection of the agricultural products produced there in other countries.

Taiwoo
Taiwoo
Member
1 year ago

The rejection of these commodities is due to a number of issues, the most important of which is the misuse of pesticides.

Godsewill Ifeanyi
Godsewill Ifeanyi
Member
1 year ago

Both the elimination of the many different kinds of pests that can be found on a farm and the promotion of a more fruitful harvest are the purposes served by the application of these pesticides.

Kazeem1
Kazeem1
Member
1 year ago

Yes, I agree to an amendment to the NAFDAC act that would provide the agency the authority to quickly ban pesticide products that have been demonstrated to pose a significant risk to human life.

Adesanyaj72
Adesanyaj72
Member
1 year ago

Because pesticides are not only legal but also harmful, and because they have the potential to do harm to both people and plants, we need to exercise extreme caution when using them.

Nwachukwu Kingsley
Nwachukwu Kingsley
Member
1 year ago

The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control needs to move quickly to ensure that these people are not killing the residents any faster than was anticipated. Imagine that Nigerians have been consuming this stuff for such a long time.

Tolaniiii
Tolaniiii
Member
1 year ago

The use of these pesticides serves two purposes: eradicating the wide variety of pests that can be found on a farm, and encouraging a bountiful crop.

Christiana
Christiana
Member
1 year ago

Since this event has caused massive losses for farmers and exporters, many of them are now millions of naira in debt.

Iyanu12345ogg
Iyanu12345ogg
Member
1 year ago

The Agricultural sector needs maximum supports. I beseech the the govt bodies, agencies,stakeholders should swing into action a help in resolving this issued ban by the EU on Nigerian agricultural products.

DimOla
DimOla
Member
1 year ago

It is quite unfortunate that the agricultural sector that we are hoping to invest more into and generate more revenue is receiving ban on their products to EU due to the excessive use pesticides and insecticide in crops preservation. I hope the government will act fast to control the use and application on the pesticides and insecticide.

Ultra0711
Ultra0711
Member
1 year ago

the widespread rejection of agricultural products from the country has damaged the country’s reputation. Nigeria needs to offer more quality products and meet up with our reputation.

jdpumping
Member
1 year ago

I’m in total support to ban all pesticides that are dangerous to health,Nafac needs to amend their laws and grychecking out what gos on in most farms inorder to curb the effect of pesticides.

Bola12
Bola12
Member
1 year ago

These chemicals eliminate agriculture pests and boost harvests.

Tonerol10
Tonerol10
Member
1 year ago

European Union rejects Nigerian produce for unacceptable limits of pesticides. Nigeria need to measure up to getting it right

Haykaylyon26
Member
1 year ago

Too much usage of pesticide will harm and affect human and plant limit of it should be use not over usage of it so it will not affect the plant and people so we should be careful when using it

theApr
theApr
Member
1 year ago

To make sure that these people are not killing the locals any faster than was anticipated, NAFDAC must act promptly. Consider how long Nigerians have been ingesting this substance.

Remi1
Remi1
Member
1 year ago

The spraying of these pesticides serves two purposes: eradicating the numerous varieties of pests that can be found on a farm and encouraging a more fruitful harvest.