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Over 400M people worldwide have diabetes

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By Mercy Kelani

About 70% of those in low-and middle-income countries live with diabetes.

Diabetes is a serious disease that emerges in the human body either when production of insulin – a hormone responsible for the regulation of blood glucose – by the pancreas is not enough or when it is difficult for the body to use the insulin it produces. Oftentimes, the effect of uncontrolled diabetes is hyperglycemia, also known as raised blood glucose or raised blood sugar, which usually causes critical damage to the nerves and blood vessels especially.

In 1991, the International Diabetes Federation, backed by World Health Organization (WHO) to address diabetes-threatened health and economy, established World Diabetes Day which subsequently became an official UN day in 2006. In 2007, the adoption of resolution A/RES/61/225 by the General Assembly set aside November 14 as World Diabetes Day. A major issue raised in the document is “the urgent need to pursue multilateral efforts to promote and improve human health and provide access to treatment and health-care education.”

Not less than 5 million Nigerians live with diabetes.

World Diabetes Day gives opportunity to create awareness of diabetes being a global health issue, emphasizing what should be collectively and individually done in order to easily prevent, diagnose and manage the condition. UN Member States and relevant organizations are therefore saddled with the responsibility of appropriately observing World Diabetes Day, raising public awareness either through education or mass media. Observance of this international day also fosters the development of national policies to aid prevention, treatment and care of diabetes in Member States; in accordance with the sustainable development goals admissible in their health-care systems.

Additionally, diabetes Mellitus is an incurable disease with no racial, social or sex-related barrier. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria is recorded as one of the countries currently suffering from a rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus. According to a recent meta-analysis report, almost 6 million Nigerian adults are living with diabetes. An estimation also reveals that two-thirds of diabetes cases in Nigeria are yet to be diagnosed. The risk factors associated with diabetes include lack of physical activity, unhealthy lifestyle, poor diet, obesity and many more.

A globally agreed target will end rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), over 400 million people across the globe have diabetes with a good number of them residing in low-and middle-income countries. Also, 1.5 million deaths, every year, is directly accounted to diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes which is usually in adults and occurs due to resistance of the body to insulin or its inability to produce enough insulin; its prevalence in the past 3 decades has risen in countries of high-, middle- and low-income.

Furthermore, diabetes Mellitus leads to various kinds of diseases such as kidney failure, heart disease, blindness, lower-limb amputation and – according to recent research – hearing loss, dementia, and some forms of cancer. Risk of death and aforementioned complications usually reduce quality of life, producing negative economic impact on individuals, nations and healthcare systems. However, a globally agreed target have been ensured to put an end to the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025 aside the Global Diabetes Compact launched by WHO in April 2021.

Global Diabetes Compact for prevention and care of diabetes.

In April 2021, World Health Organization launched a global initiative – Global Diabetes Compact – which aims at sustaining improvements in the prevention and care of diabetes, paying particular attention on supporting low- and middle-income countries. Also, the World Health Assembly, in May 2021, agreed on a Resolution to strengthen the prevention and control of diabetes, recommending an increase in access to insulin, promotion of convergence and harmonization of regulatory requirements for insulin and other health products for efficient treatment of diabetes. Earlier this year, in May 2022, the World Health Assembly endorsed five global diabetes coverage and treatment targets to be achieved by 2030.


Related Link

WHO: Website


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jdpumping
jdpumping
1 year ago

Diabetes is a serious issue and it’s so pervelance more people die of this disease because of its high maintenance of managing and mostly low income earners have it and needs more to care for it,and it’s causes a lot of damage by attacking other parts of the body.

SarahDiv
SarahDiv
1 year ago

Of course it should be the truth that those in low and middle income countries have 70% diabetic patient in relation to the world population. This is due to the fact that they don’t have enough fund for medications and at times might not eat diet that align with the health issues.

Adeolastan
Adeolastan
1 year ago

The high case of diabetes disease in this developing countries really need urgent intervention because no solid healthcare system to care for this in this part of the world.

Tonerol10
Tonerol10
1 year ago

Over 400M people worldwide have diabetes. This is too much, diabetes is serious issue we need to look for a faster solution to to it

Ultra0711
Ultra0711
1 year ago

Diabetes is a serious problem, and more people die from it every year due to how difficult it is to manage, how many low-income individuals have it, how much more care they need to give it, and the extensive damage it does to the body when it attacks other organs.

Haykaylyon26
Haykaylyon26
1 year ago

Diabetes is a very serious issue they have kill people and is continue killing people low and middle income are most with diabetes not enough fund to take care of themself so solution should be come up with to save life

theApr
theApr
1 year ago

The chance to raise awareness of diabetes as a worldwide health concern on World Diabetes Day emphasizes what needs to be done both collectively and individually to effectively prevent, diagnose, and manage the condition.

Remi1
Remi1
1 year ago

The commemoration of this international day encourages the creation of national policies that support diabetes prevention, treatment, and care in Member States.