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Nigerians must own their security challenges

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By Abiodun Okunloye

CDS Musa urges citizen participation in combating Nigeria's security issues.

The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), Christopher Musa, has stressed the importance of Nigerians taking responsibility for the nation’s Security challenges. During a recent security-focused event, the speaker emphasised the difficulties of uneven warfare, a contemporary conflict characterised by ideology rather than traditional military strategies. Musa emphasised that countries should prevent the start of warfare, as it is challenging to eliminate and distinct from conventional warfare. He further emphasised the enduring quality of this particular conflict, stating the need for a well-rounded strategy that combines military action with effective governance.

Musa, utilising his expertise as the previous Theatre commander of Operation Hadin Kai, discussed advancements in combatting insurgency. He stated that more than 75,000 insurgents had given up when he departed. The count has surged to over 120,000, indicating their progress. Nevertheless, he recognised the limitations faced in regions with inadequate Infrastructure that affect successful military endeavours. Musa emphasised the critical role of citizen participation and effective governance in addressing the challenges. Securing the support of the citizens is essential. Progress has been made, leading to significant improvements in the past year.

Reforms are needed to improve border control and security strategies.

While the Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria (DICON) law is a positive step, it does not address all necessary reforms. He highlighted the enormity of the Sambisa Forest, drawing a parallel between its vast expanse and the landmass of a European nation, emphasising the challenges of governing such expansive territories. DICON, under the supervision of the Nigerian Armed Forces, is a government-owned defence corporation in Nigeria. The organisation specialises in the Manufacturing of both military and civilian goods.

Also, his call for enhanced border control underscores the critical need to address the nation’s insecurities. Progress can be made in prioritising national advancement by rallying the people and appointing dedicated leaders. Recognising the multifaceted nature of security challenges, it is crucial to consider political, economic, and social factors when creating laws. The success of de-radicalisation efforts highlights the importance of collaboration with state governments. Overall, a comprehensive approach is essential in effectively addressing threats and ensuring the safety and well-being of the people in the country.

Broad strategies are essential in addressing challenges nationwide.

His detailed explanation of the surrender procedure sheds light on the comprehensive measures taken to address security threats in the country. The process ensures proper identification and assessment of potential risks by subjecting individuals to disarmament and profiling by the Directorate of State Services (DSS) before transferring them to camps. It is crucial to acknowledge that not all surrendering individuals are combatants, as some may have been pressured into forced labour. Musa’s remarks highlight the necessity of employing diverse strategies, including governance reforms, community involvement, and strategic military operations, to combat security challenges in the region effectively.

In addition, his observations on the changing threat situation indicate the complexity of contemporary warfare. His emphasis on avoiding such conflicts underscores a proactive approach to National Security as warfare continues to challenge conventional military techniques. Recognising ideological conflicts reinforces the necessity of community involvement and intelligence-driven activities to combat radicalisation at its source. His demand for extensive changes to government serves as an example of how security and the general public’s socioeconomic well-being are correlated.

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Moreover, the notable quantity of surrenders indicates that efforts to combat insurgents are progressing in bringing stability back to the impacted areas. However, his acknowledgement of the limitations of poor infrastructure suggests that development initiatives must be combined with military successes. Reducing the appeal of insurgent narratives can be achieved by addressing infrastructure shortages, which can also support sustainable Economic Growth and improve the efficacy of military operations. Furthermore, his support for strict border controls emphasises how important it is to secure the country’s borders to stop criminal activity and insurgents from entering the country.


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