Ask Nigeria - Your Nigerian News Community

728 x 90

Nigeria, 10th most polluted country in Africa

Nigeria, 10th most polluted country in Africa
Photo by Jeremy Weate- Ask Nigeria

WHO classified the quality of air in Lagos, Nigeria as unhealthy.

A report according to historical data 2017-2022, Lagos State, Nigeria has been ranked 133 in the world’s most polluted cities. The 2022 World Air Quality Report on most polluted city ranking, which is said to be on the basis on annual average PM2.5 concentration, recorded that Lagos was being affected by poor quality air with a US AQI figure of 160. This quality of air, according to recommended figures of the World Health Organization (WHO), is classified as unhealthy. As of 2018, the concentration of its PM2.5 pollutant was 73.2 µg/m³.

As a result, report advised that a good quality mask is worn when going outside. It was also recommended that all doors and windows be closed to avoid inhalation of the polluted air. IQAir asserted that air pollution in the state is majorly caused by vehicle emissions, and industrial and domestic energy use. Many vehicles in Lagos are over 15 years old without the latest emission technologies. Industrial emissions also contribute largely to air pollution with industrial zones like Apapa, Ikeja, Idumota and Odoguyan where cements, chemicals, oil refineries and the likes are situated having high levels of pollution.

Air pollution causes more deaths than malnutrition.

Nigeria’s most populous state has about half of its population’s energy needs supplied by generators contributing to air pollution in the state. The use of charcoal, wood and kerosene for cooking due to limited infrastructure and inaccessibility to clean energy causes huge health problems to residents of rural communities. All these has resulted in Nigeria being the 10th most polluted country in Africa, having 44.8 percent air pollution rate, closely followed by Uganda and Ethiopia.

An intense study in 2018 detailed that over 11,000 premature deaths are caused by poor air quality with 60 percent of the estimation constituting of children under the age of five. Although all kinds of air pollution are harmful to the health, microscopic PM2.5 particles is more harmful due to its ability to penetrate the lungs with its small size. In Lagos, air pollution causes more deaths than malnutrition and unsanitary hygiene practices. As a matter of fact, in the last few decades, casualties of air pollution in Nigeria have increased by 40 percent.

Cars with toxic emissions should be removed from the road.

Across the African continent, Nigeria currently has some of the highest levels of unhealthy air quality. Ten urban cities in the country have also been listed among thirty cities in Africa with the highest level of unhealthy quality of air. To combat air pollution in the state, it was recommended that consistent inspections of automobiles is done to stop older cars from releasing harmful chemicals into the atmosphere. There should also be removal of cars which emissions are toxic to the environment from the road.

Additionally, the need for generators which emit unhealthy air into the environment would decrease with the introduction of efficient electric energy. Reduction of air pollution is possible through this means because of the country’s access to sustainable energy resources that can supply power to the citizens. Likewise, air pollution can be decreased in the households of rural communities through substitution of firewood and charcoal for biogas. Biogas has the capability of cooking food and heating the house with the absence of air pollution.

Daily waste removal should be practiced by households.

Furthermore, newer and better technologies like solar power would reduce emissions from industries to a significant level. The garbage situation of Nigeria’s commercial capital also needs attention. The amount of rubbish that are dumped, buried or burnt need to be monitored and cautioned by selected teams who would also be responsible for carrying out necessary punishments on perpetrators. The practice of recycling plastics should be embraced. Households should also learn the habit of daily waste removal for proper disposal of garbage for prevention of odors that contribute to air pollution.


Related Link

Clean air fund: Website

The content on AskNigeria.com is given for general information only and does not constitute a professional opinion, and users should seek their own legal/professional advice. There is data available online that lists details, facts and further information not listed in this post, please complete your own investigation into these matters and reach your own conclusion. AskNigeria.com accepts no responsibility for losses from any person acting or refraining from acting as a result of content contained in this website and/or other websites which may be linked to this website.

Fact Checking Tool – Snopes.com

20 comments
0 0 votes
Rate This Article
20 Comments
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Admin
1
2 months ago

Nigeria, 10th most polluted country in AfricaWHO classified the quality of air in Lagos, Nigeria as unhealthy. – Express your point of view.

Abusi
Member
9
2 months ago

I’m not surprised at all. There is a lot of pollution in Nigeria. It includes water, land, noise and air pollution. It is so distasteful. We need to start to take good care of our surroundings and environment at large.

Member
8
2 months ago

No doubts if Nigeria is one of the most polluted country. So many vehicle with bad exhaust pipe, causing smoke in the atmosphere. There’s also a horrible waste management system; open refuse site and bad habits of people dumping refuse by the road.

Member
9
2 months ago

We need to start taking care of our environment our environment is polluted that why we are rank among polluted country waste everywhere we need to make our surrounding neat

Member
8
2 months ago

We are lacking in managing our environment pollution is not good for our environment and for our health for the people our country should be healthy

Member
9
2 months ago

In Nigeria we get to experience different type of pollution, water and air and these things are dangerous to our health

Member
9
2 months ago

We are already over populated in this country and that is not really good because it does more harm than good and we need to handle it.

Member
8
2 months ago

Although it would be beneficial for everyone, I doubt that people would consent to closing all doors and windows to keep out the contaminated air.

Member
9
2 months ago

No surprise Nigeria ranked 10th. Pollution has really affect our environments. It is important we look towards to tackle damages pollution poses. It will help improve the environments.

Member
9
2 months ago

More environmental clean effort should be promoted among the people. Having Lagos high rated as the most polluted is not a good thing.

Member
8
2 months ago

The situation will continue to worsen unless they make more people more aware of the cause of the emission and other contributing factor.

Member
9
2 months ago

Cars that are more than a few years old should be subjected to routine examinations in order to prevent the emission of substances that are hazardous to the environment.

Member
9
2 months ago

Despite our population, we are still far behind in terms of growth in almost every aspect and that is bad for a nation that calls itself the giant of Africa.

Member
8
2 months ago

Pollution is harmful to both the environment and human health, and we are not doing enough to control it.

Member
8
2 months ago

In the end the people leaving around the area will be the one to bear the brunt of health issues that do rise from the air emission.

Member
8
2 months ago

Nigeria have a terrible waste management system already and the open refuse site and people’s bad habits of dumping trash along the side of the road have worsened the situation.

Member
10
2 months ago

We Nigerian are the most populous country in Africa. Nigeria is blessed with many natural resources but bad government is affecting the country Nigeria

Member
8
2 months ago

Selected teams that should be put in place to enforcing the necessary punishments on offenders. And also to monitor and warn about the amount of trash that is irresponsibly dumped, buried, or burnt

Member
9
2 months ago

I keep on wondering the kinds of government we have in this country that care less about the safety of the masses. Nigeria is being ranked as 10th most polluted country in the world. Our government should be ashamed. Lagos that happens to be densely populated is polluted with US AQI that will mandate us to wear mask and close our windows. This is scary.

Member
9
2 months ago

It is high time that our government swing into action before we all get poisoned through the air we breathe in. I can’t imagine Nigeria occupying the 10th position as the most polluted country in the world. All source of air pollution in Lagos should addressed before we all get infected.