Ask Nigeria Header Logo

Clean water and sanitation access in Nigeria

Photo of author

By Samuel Abimbola

Enhancing clean water access through collaboration and public health promotion.

Over the years, access to fundamental human needs has been challenging, especially for developing nations. Access to clean water and sanitation is also one of those fundamental human rights, yet in Nigeria, this basic necessity still needs to be discovered for a portion of the population. With a growing population and numerous challenges, providing clean water and adequate sanitation infrastructure in Nigeria has become a pressing issue requiring urgent attention and comprehensive solutions. Nigeria, with the largest population in Africa, needs support to provide clean water and sanitation to its people.

A major challenge in Nigeria’s efforts to enhance access to clean water and sanitation is the need for more infrastructure. Many areas are without proper water treatment plants, distribution systems, and sewage networks, leading to the pollution of water sources and the transmission of water-related diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, and dysentery. Moreover, the lack of adequate sanitation facilities encourages open discharge, which further contaminates water sources and causes serious health problems in the country.

World Bank Group’s impact on clean water access in Nigeria.

To tackle these challenges, a comprehensive strategy must be adopted, including enhancements in infrastructure, policy adjustments, community involvement, and eco-friendly methods. The primary focus should be increasing investments in water and sanitation infrastructure nationwide. This involves building and repairing water treatment facilities, increasing distribution channels, and establishing sewage systems in urban and rural regions. However, it is important to explore the use of advanced technologies like decentralised water treatment systems and rainwater harvesting to enhance current infrastructure and provide access to underserved communities.

The World Bank Group’s efforts have notably supported Nigeria in improving its access to clean water and sanitation. By investing in infrastructure, forming policies, building capacity, and empowering communities, the World Bank has played a crucial role in enhancing water management and service delivery throughout the country. Also, they focus on improving infrastructure as a key element of their support. Projects like building water treatment plants, enhancing distribution networks, and rehabilitating urban and rural areas have increased access to safe water for millions of Nigerians.

FG introduces initiatives for water and sanitation improvements.

Through collaboration with the Nigerian government, the World Bank has helped develop policies and frameworks to improve water management systems and ensure long-term service delivery. Encouraging community involvement in the management and upkeep of water and sanitation facilities has proven essential. Empowering residents promotes a sense of ownership, ensures sustainability, and encourages a commitment to environmental conservation and public health. These initiatives have integrated public health interventions to mitigate water-related diseases and improve overall health outcomes. Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation is essential for preventing illnesses and promoting well-being, particularly in vulnerable populations.

In addition to global initiatives, the Nigerian Federal Government has implemented several strategies to tackle water and sanitation issues within the country. This includes creating policies, funding infrastructure projects, collaborating with international groups, and supporting local community programs. The actions demonstrate the government’s dedication to enhancing the well-being of its people. They take a notable step by introducing Environmental Sanitation Day, a nationwide monthly initiative. This initiative brings communities together to collectively clean their environment, educate about proper waste disposal, and advocate for better hygiene.

Related Article: FG, UNICEF to reform water, sanitation sector

Lastly, the role of cleanliness in protecting the environment for future generations should be emphasised through the strict enforcement of sanitation laws and regulations within all 36 states in Nigeria. The World Bank Group, the Nigerian government, and local communities are working together to enhance Nigeria’s access to clean water and sanitation. Through investments in infrastructure, institutional support, community empowerment, and public health promotion, these efforts are paving the way for a better, more sustainable future for the people of Nigeria.

Related Link

UNICEF: Website

The content on is given for general information only and does not constitute a professional opinion, and users should seek their own legal/professional advice. There is data available online that lists details, facts and further information not listed in this post, please complete your own investigation into these matters and reach your own conclusion. accepts no responsibility for losses from any person acting or refraining from acting as a result of content contained in this website and/or other websites which may be linked to this website.

Fact Checking Tool -