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Cholera outbreak: 80 deaths recorded

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By Abdulwasiu Usman

In September, the NCDC recorded 4,153 cholera infections and 80 deaths.

Cholera remains a global threat to public health, an indicator of inequity and lack of social development as recorded instances continue to increase. According to the NCDC report, 80 cholera infections claimed 80 lives across the country in September. So far, in 2022, 31 states have reported suspected cholera infection cases with 256 deaths. In the monthly report, from September 5 to October 2, 2022, 9 states were reported to have recorded 4,153 suspected cases – Borno (2,626), Yobe (718), Gombe (317), Zamfara (212), Bauchi (119), Jigawa (95), Sokoto (47), Katsina (16) and Adamawa (3).

In line with the report, as of October 2, 2022, a total of 10,745 suspected cases, including 256 deaths (CFR 2.4 per cent), were reported from 31 states. Out of the suspected cases since the beginning of the year, the age group from 5 to 14 years is the most affected for both males and females. Generally, out of total suspected cases, males represent 48 percent, with females having the highest at 52 percent.

The reported suspected cases continue to increase.

There was a 42 percent increase in the number of new suspected cases recorded in September Epi week 36-39 (4,153) compared with August Epi week 31-35 (2,428). In the weekly report, 1,006 suspected cases were recorded, with Borno (883), Gombe (97), Bauchi (15), Yobe (8), and Sokoto (3) cases. In week 39, Borno and Gombe states accounted for 97% of all suspected cases reported. The NCDC affirms the National Multi-Sectoral Cholera’s Technical Working Group effort to monitor response across the states’ Cumulative Epi-Summary.

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Most people infected with cholera have mild or no symptoms, but cholera can be severe. Approximately 1 in 10 people who get sick with this disease will develop severe symptoms such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

Majority of households lack access to essential hygiene services.

The NCDC urges healthcare providers to examine for signs of dehydration in patients with profuse watery diarrhea, including rapid heart rate, loss of skin elasticity, dry mucous membranes, and low blood pressure, stating that people with severe cholera can develop severe dehydration, which can lead to kidney failure. Severe dehydration can lead to shock, coma, and death within hours if not treated. Public health experts have explained that epidemics will persist as long as Nigeria’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) standards remain inadequate.

A latest report on the water condition in the country, sanitation, and hygiene shows that 83 percent of Nigerian household members lack access to essential hygiene services. According to the report, the country’s WASH sector is in poor shape, with 90 percent of the population lacking access to essential water, sanitation, and hygiene services. In 2019, approximately 60 million Nigerians lacked access to proper drinking water, 80 million lacked access to proper sanitation, and 167 million lacked access to essential handwashing facilities.

Government actions to revamp the WASH services.

In recent years, in a bid to strengthen its commitment to improving access to WASH services, the Nigerian government, spurred on by the need for Nigeria’s WASH sector to meet up with its regional counterparts, led the government to the launching of the National Action Plan (NAP) for the Revitalization of Nigeria’s Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Sector, aimed at ensuring universal access to sustainable and safely managed WASH services by 2030, commensurate with the Sustainable Development Goals.


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Adesanyaj72
Adesanyaj72
1 year ago

Cholera continues to be a concern to public health on a worldwide scale, serving as a sign of social inequality and a lack of social development as the number of reported cases continues to rise.

Nwachukwu Kingsley
Nwachukwu Kingsley
1 year ago

Cholera is an acute sickness characterized by diarrhea that is brought on by an infection of the gut with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, which produces a toxic byproduct.

Hassan Isa
Hassan Isa
1 year ago

Since the beginning of the year, the age range that encompasses 5 to 14 years old has been shown to have the highest number of instances, and this holds true for both boys and girls.

Chibuzor
Chibuzor
1 year ago

The majority of individuals who get infected with cholera have very moderate or no symptoms at all, although the disease may be quite severe. Around one in ten persons who get ill with this condition will have severe manifestations of the illness.

Taiwoo
Taiwoo
1 year ago

It’s very sad that a lot of Nigerians lacked proper access to clean water, that shows the level the country regressed to

Godsewill Ifeanyi
Godsewill Ifeanyi
1 year ago

The Sanitation, and Hygiene Sector aims to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by ensuring that all people have access to WASH services that are both environmentally friendly and professionally managed by the year 2030.

Kazeem1
Kazeem1
1 year ago

The government should provide more access to health care facilities for the people so they’ll be able to properly tackle the disease.

DimOla
DimOla
1 year ago

Cholera is a food and water borne disease. Majority have abandon the practice of washing of their hands after ebola and COVID 19 have subsidized. Both State and Federal Government have failed in the provision of pipe-borne water which should be clear and accessible by all especially in the rural areas.

SarahDiv
SarahDiv
1 year ago

It is unfortunate that 80 people died during the recent outbreak of cholera disease. The absence of WASH in most of these regions has resulted in this. According to what Public health experts have explained that epidemics will persist as long as Nigeria’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) standards remain inadequate. Government should please do the needful to avert such occurrence in future.

Ultra0711
Ultra0711
1 year ago

This cholera outbreak is really worrisome. Public healthcare officials needs to devise a keen counter measure before it claim more lives.

Abusi
Abusi
1 year ago

Cholera really needs to be checked. We need to maximize the use of good water resources. Our environment needs overhaul protection and preservation. If we fail to take care of our water borne, we will definitely be the ones to face the repercussions.

Bola12
Bola12
1 year ago

Cholera is still a threat to public health around the world and a sign of inequality and lack of social development as the number of cases keeps rising.

Christiana
Christiana
1 year ago

Cholera is an acute sickness characterized by diarrhea that is brought on by an infection of the gut with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, which produces a toxic byproduct.

Tolaniiii
Tolaniiii
1 year ago

The majority of persons who contract cholera experience just moderate or no symptoms at all, although the disease can be rather severe.

Haykaylyon26
Haykaylyon26
1 year ago

Providing of health care to fight the disease so life’s can be saved this disease as cause some people death why some still sick from the disease. People should make sure they use clean water and take care of the environment to prevent it from getting the disease. Government should provide enough drug to fight this disease in other to save life’s and also improve the ascess of WASH service

jdpumping
jdpumping
1 year ago

Cholera outbreak again causing lots of deaths is really bad the government needs to be proactive about this.

Iyanu12345ogg
Iyanu12345ogg
1 year ago

Its good the govt launched NAP in other to strengthen and improve access to WASH….this will ensure universal access to sustainable and safety of the people.

Adeolastan
Adeolastan
1 year ago

Cholera not suppose to be a 21th century disease in Nigeria with the way God bless the country but corruption is a cankerworm that has eat deep into the system.

Tonerol10
Tonerol10
1 year ago

Government should provide all the drugs needed to cure the disease. People should make sure their environment is clean to avoid cholera

Remi1
Remi1
1 year ago

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Most people infected with cholera have mild or no symptoms, but cholera can be severe