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Challenges facing education in Nigeria

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By Samuel Abimbola

Sufficient allocation is needed to restructure the educational system.

Education in Nigeria faces many challenges that affect its quality, overall development and progress. These challenges range from inadequate funding, poor infrastructure, low quality of teaching, high levels of corruption, and lack of access to education in rural areas to inadequate teacher training and poor government policies. One of the major challenges facing education in Nigeria is inadequate funding. The government’s allocation to the education sector needs to be revised to cater to the needs of schools, including providing basic amenities such as classrooms, textbooks, and teaching materials.

This leads to overcrowded classrooms, lack of adequate facilities, and poor quality of education. As a result, many Nigerian youths cannot receive a quality education, limiting their personal and professional growth opportunities. Poor infrastructure in schools is another key challenge facing education in Nigeria. Many schools need more basic amenities such as electricity, running water, and proper sanitation facilities, making learning environments unfavourable for students. Adequate infrastructure is also needed to ensure the implementation of modern teaching methods and technology, limiting students’ quality of education.

Lack of access to education in rural areas limits opportunities.

The quality of teaching in Nigeria is a major concern because many teachers need proper training, leading to low-quality instruction in schools. Also, corruption in the education sector results in unqualified individuals being employed as teachers, compromising education quality and the system’s credibility. There is a lack of access to education in rural areas, with many children in underserved communities facing problems such as insufficient schools, qualified teachers, and resources, limiting their educational opportunities. Proper monitoring in the education sector is necessary to ensure teacher accountability and overall quality of education in Nigeria.

Also, in response to the challenges facing education in Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Education has initiated several programs and strategies to address these issues and improve the country’s education quality. One approach the Federal Ministry of Education takes to find solutions to the challenges facing the education sector is implementing the Universal Basic Education (UBE) program. The UBE program aims to provide free education to all children at the primary level and improve access to quality education in Nigeria. They have increased enrollment rates in rural primary and secondary schools and improved teaching and learning quality.

FG aims to invest in education and research to keep graduates competitive.

In addition, the Federal Ministry of Education has also collaborated with international organizations and development partners to improve Nigeria’s education quality. Through partnerships with organisations such as UNESCO, UNICEF, and the World Bank, the ministry has been able to access funding, technical assistance, and expertise to implement programs that address the education sector’s challenges. These partnerships have enabled the ministry to improve teacher training, enhance the curriculum, and provide necessary infrastructure and resources to schools nationwide.

Recently, President Bola Tinubu, speaking at the 47th conference of the Obafemi Awolowo University, emphasised his administration’s commitment to investing in education to enhance the competitiveness of Nigerian university graduates globally. He pledged to address hard regulatory frameworks affecting tertiary education improvement, stating the government’s high regard for education and determination to provide quality education. The administration aims to invest in education and research to keep graduates competitive in a rapidly evolving world, address the root causes of trade union strikes and inefficiencies in tertiary institutions, and enhance Nigeria’s global competitiveness through educational advancement.

Related Article: Universities face economic challenges

Lastly, Nigeria’s education challenges pose disadvantages for youths and the education sector, potentially stopping the country’s overall development. The declining quality of education will ensure the potential of young people is maintained, limiting their opportunities for personal and professional growth. The government and stakeholders in the education sector must prioritise tackling these challenges through strategic interventions and investments. By ensuring that all Nigerian youths have access to quality education, opportunities for skills development, and advancement, the nation can propel its youth towards a brighter and more prosperous future.

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