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7 Northern states to face food crisis in 2024

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By Abdulwasiu Usman

Certain regions in Borno are expected to confront IPC Phase 4 food security.

The World Bank’s recent Food Security report — forecast a troubling future for seven states in the North-west and North-east regions. By 2024, these states, including Borno, Adamawa, Kaduna, Katsina, Yobe, Sokoto, and Zamfara, are expected to face a severe food security crisis due to heightened insecurity and armed conflicts. These ongoing threats have largely diminished living standards in the area, leaving an alarming prospect for the near future. The report highlighted that food insecurity will not be limited to Nigeria alone, as it will also affect several other nations in the West African region at a different level, including Burkina Faso, Chad, and Niger.

As per the report, the majority of regions in West and Central Africa will maintain a level of slight food insecurity (IPC Phase 1) until May 2024, while certain areas will fall into the category of Stressed IPC 2. Meanwhile, the aforementioned Nigerian States will face a critical food security situation (IPC Phase 3) mainly due to ongoing insecurity, armed conflict, and worsening livelihood conditions. Certain regions within Borno state, namely Abadam, Bama, Guzamala, Marte, and others, are anticipated to confront a state of emergency food security (IPC Phase 4), primarily due to scarcity in household food supplies, as well as restricted market access and limited humanitarian aid.

Food prices declined by 9 percent in the year 2023.

Also, the World Bank 2024 report on Global Economics Prospects places great importance on the issue of food insecurity in light of numerous obstacles. Last year, there was a decline of 9 percent in food prices, a prominent aspect of the agricultural price index. This decline can be attributed to an abundance of major crops supplies, apart from rice, which experienced a steep decrease of 27 percent. There is an anticipation of a continued drop in food prices within the years 2024 and 2025. However, it is important to note that these prices may still be influenced by various potential threats including rising energy costs, unfavourable weather occurrences, trade limitations, and uncertain geopolitical situations.

While food prices have decreased, the report stated that the issue of food insecurity remains ongoing. The number of individuals experiencing severe food insecurity worldwide has soared from 624 million in 2017 to 900 million in 2022. This problem is further compounded by the recent surge in rice prices, which is a staple food for over half of the global population and accounts for more than 20 percent of total calorie intake worldwide. Considering the alarming rise in consumer food prices, the report emphasizes the urgency of implementing global policies to combat food insecurity.

44.4% of high-income countries witnessed a modest decline of 1.9%.

There has been a notable rise in trade policies adopted by nations across the globe following Russia’s incursion into Ukraine. These policies, aimed at bolstering their domestic supply and lowering prices, have contributed to the global food crisis, exacerbating the situation. To shed light on the magnitude of this issue, as of January 30, 2024, a total of 15 countries have enforced 21 bans on food exports, while 11 countries have implemented 14 measures limiting exports.

Moreover, the prevalence of elevated domestic food prices persists. More than 5% inflation is observed in 63.2% of low-income nations, marking a 1.3 percentage point increase compared to the previous update on January 17, 2023. Likewise, no change is witnessed in 73.9% of lower-middle-income countries and 48% of upper-middle-income countries. However, a modest decline of 1.9 percentage points is evident in 44.4% of high-income countries. Out of the 165 nations with accessible data, food price inflation surpassed general inflation in 71% of them, when measured in actual terms.

Related Article: 25 million Nigerians at food insecurity risk

Since the last update of January 18, 2023, there has been an upswing in agricultural, export, and cereals price indices with a surge of 3%, 7%, and 1% respectively. The export price index saw a substantial boost due to the rising prices of cocoa and Arabica coffee, which recorded an increase of 8% individually. Within the cereals category, maize and wheat prices saw a rise of 1% and 4% respectively. However, rice prices remained unchanged from the levels observed two weeks ago.

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Ask Nigeria
21 days ago

7 Northern states to face food crisis in 2024. Nigeria is in a learning emergency that needs urgent measures.Express your point of view.

21 days ago

7 states in the North will experience a food crisis. Nigeria needs to act quickly in response to a learning crisis. The importance of food security to this nation cannot be overstated. Other states will undoubtedly be impacted if these seven states have a food crisis. The agricultural industry is one that we truly need to start investing heavily in.

20 days ago

Rising levels of instability and armed conflicts are predicted to cause a serious food security catastrophe by 2024 in six states: Borno, Adamawa, Kaduna, Katsina, Yobe, Sokoto, and Zamfara. The people living in these seven states will face extreme hardships; if nothing is done, the situation will eventually spread throughout the entire nation. It appears that food insecurity is not just a problem in Nigeria; it is also affecting many other countries.

Adeoye Adegoke
20 days ago

That’s definitely concerning news about the potential food crisis in the northern states of Nigeria. It’s disheartening to hear that so many people might be facing such a difficult situation. Access to food is a basic necessity, and it’s crucial for the government and relevant stakeholders to take immediate action to address this issue.
As for the learning emergency in Nigeria, I couldn’t agree more with you. Education is the foundation for individual growth, societal development, and economic progress. It’s disheartening to see that many children in Nigeria are not receiving the quality education they deserve. This learning crisis requires urgent measures to ensure that every child has access to quality education.
Improving the quality of teaching, enhancing school infrastructure, and ensuring access to educational resources are all crucial steps that need to be taken. It’s not just the responsibility of the government, but also of educational institutions, teachers, parents, and society as a whole to come together and address this issue.
Investing in education is investing in the future of Nigeria. It’s important for all stakeholders to prioritize education and work towards making quality education accessible to every child, regardless of their background or location. By doing so, we can bridge the learning gap and empower future generations to thrive and contribute to the development of our country.
Let’s continue to raise awareness about these important issues and advocate for the necessary changes. Together, we can make a difference and ensure a brighter future for all Nigerians.

20 days ago

The recent report from the World Bank paints a troubling picture of food insecurity in seven northern Nigerian states by 2024 due to insecurity and conflicts. Despite some global decline in food prices, the issue of hunger remains pervasive, exacerbated by trade policies amid geopolitical tensions.