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1.3 million Nigerian migrants in 2020

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By Mercy Kelani

Fundamental rights of migrants help to gain benefits of int. migration.

The General Assembly of the United Nations, on account of the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, made a proclamation of December 18 as International Migrants Day (A/RES/55/93). Prior to the proclamation of IMD, the Assembly, in 1990, adopted the international Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (A/RES/45/158). 132 Member States participated in the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development which was conducted by the General Assembly on September 14 and 15, 2006.

During the dialogue, it was discovered that international migration has become a growing phenomenon which could contribute positively to development in countries of destination and countries of origin if it was supported by the right policies. It was also stressed that respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of every migrant was crucial to gain the benefits of international migration. There was also recognition of the need to strengthen international cooperation on international migration bilaterally, regionally and globally.

International migration cannot replace development.

A high-level dialogue stated that international migrations could positively contribute to development, it added that international migration was not a replacement for development. Most often than not, migrants resort to seeking employment abroad as a result of poverty, conflict or violations of human rights. However, peace and security, the rule of law, good governance and the provision of decent work in countries of origin guaranteed that citizens migrated out of choice rather than of necessity.

International migration is considered an integral part of the development agenda and should be included as a part of national development strategies. The High-level Dialogue prompted the Government of Belgium to launch a process for the establishment of the Global Forum on Migration and Development as a voluntary, non-binding and informal consultative process, open to and led by all States Members of the United Nations and observers. The Global Forum unites Government expertise from all religions, fosters promotion of dialogue, and practical and action-oriented outcomes at the national regional and global levels.

There is no collated data on Nigerian emigrants.

Within West Africa, Nigeria has become one of the most important countries of destination and countries of transit. Also, the country is one of the few countries in West Africa to develop a national policy on migration. The policy covers migration and development, national security, forced displacement, organized labor migration, the national population, funding for migration management, migration and social issues, irregular movement, the human rights of migrants, internal migration, and migration data and statistics.

Despite the national policy on migration, migration is barely a feature in the main government development plans of Nigeria. Currently, there is no recorded collated data on Nigerian emigrants from any Nigerian ministries or agencies as a result there is a lack of unified documentation and data collection at local, regional and international levels. In addition, while Nigeria had half a million of the country’s inhabitants as migrants in 1990, there were 1.3 million international migrants in 2020.

IMD disseminates information on human rights of migrants.

UN Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations observe the International Migrants Day by disseminating information on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, and sharing experiences and design of actions to guarantee their protection. UNESCO lays emphasis on the human of migration and addresses the effect of the movement of people within its fields of competence by addition of its interventions in a human rights framework. The day also recognizes the essential contribution of migrants and highlights challenges they face.


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UN: Website

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Admin
9 months ago

1.3 million Nigerian migrants in 2020 – Fundamental rights of migrants help to gain benefits of int. migration. – Express your point of view.

Adeolastan
Adeolastan
Member
9 months ago

With the current set up of the country,there is no way Nigeria will not continue to see her migrate in mass to other countries because people want greener pasture for themselves and children.

Iyanu12345ogg
Iyanu12345ogg
Member
9 months ago

All that need to be done to that will enable migrants enjoy maximum protection concerning the human rights, fundamental freedoms be done challenges should also be addressed.

Abusi
Abusi
Member
9 months ago

Migrants also have rights and it should be protected. The international migrants is very important and it should be safeguarded by the government.

Godsewill Ifeanyi
Godsewill Ifeanyi
Member
9 months ago

Good move from them because In light of the vast and steadily growing number of migrants all over the world, the General Assembly of the United Nations has called for action.

Tonerol10
Tonerol10
Member
9 months ago

The country is frustrating so many youth. A lot we continue to travel out of this due to bad government. This country going through a lot

Christiana
Christiana
Member
9 months ago

Although migration across borders has the potential to advance progress, the report stressed that it should not be seen as a substitute for development efforts.

Tolaniiii
Tolaniiii
Member
9 months ago

To be effective, national development policies must account for international migration, which is now recognized as an essential aspect of the development agenda.

Ultra0711
Ultra0711
Member
9 months ago

International migration is on the rise and, if encouraged by appropriate laws, may be a boon to both the country of origin and the country of destination.

Haykaylyon26
Haykaylyon26
Member
9 months ago

Migrant should be protected and has fundamental right that will help them the migrants to have freedom and other right so international migrant is important

Bola12
Bola12
Member
9 months ago

There is a need to ensure that migrants are safe and that they are afforded the freedom and other rights to which they are entitled.

Adesanyaj72
Adesanyaj72
Member
9 months ago

it was found that international migration has become a growing phenomena that, if encouraged by the correct policies, might contribute favorably to growth in both countries of origin and countries of destination.

Chibuzor
Chibuzor
Member
9 months ago

It was also acknowledged that there is a pressing requirement to enhance international collaboration on migration issues on all levels, including regionally, globally, and bilaterally.

Hassan Isa
Hassan Isa
Member
9 months ago

Additionally, there was an acknowledgement of the requirement to increase international cooperation on international migration on all levels, including regionally, globally, and bilaterally.

Taiwoo
Taiwoo
Member
9 months ago

Following the High-level Dialogue, the Belgian government initiated plans to create the Global Forum on Migration and Development as an informal consultative mechanism that is open to and directed by all UN member states and observers.

Nwachukwu Kingsley
Nwachukwu Kingsley
Member
9 months ago

Nigeria is now a major transit and arrival point for international travelers. Furthermore, Ghana is one of the few West African countries to formulate a comprehensive migration policy.

Kazeem1
Kazeem1
Member
9 months ago

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) places special focus on the human aspect of migration and addresses the impact of the movement of people within its fields of competence by supplementing its interventions in a human rights framework.

theApr
theApr
Member
9 months ago

That’s a lot; Brain drain is almost inevitable at this rate. Migration barely appears in Nigeria’s main government development plans despite the country’s migration policy.

DimOla
DimOla
Member
9 months ago

It is obvious globally, that migrant lack that freedom in other countries, and at times treated like a slaves in some countries. The policy on human rights for migrant should be enacted and adopt by every country to promote equity amongst nations.

Remi1
Remi1
Member
9 months ago

The issues should also be addressed in order to ensure that migrants have the maximum protection possible for their fundamental rights and freedoms.

SarahDiv
SarahDiv
Member
9 months ago

Most countries are hostile to migrate and see them as potential threat just like the case of South to Nigerian.Each countries should enact and adopt migrant freedom right policies which will foster relationship among nations.